Use the filters below to find the most relevant resources for you.
First Draft Basic Toolkit
A large collection of practical resources to help journalists gather news online, verify information across platforms, and report responsibly.
Government Responses to Malicious Use of Social Media
An overview of regulatory measures that have been adopted by governments to prevent the spread of disinformation
Global database of active and inactive fact-checking websites.
First Draft Verification Online Courses
Verification training designed for journalists to spot fake media, fabricated websites, misleading memes, and manipulated videos. The toolkit is also useful to other practitioners seeking to avoid amplification of misleading information. Versions in different languages may differ significantly.
Toolkit on the types of risks associated with disinformation and the strategic preparation organisations might wish to undertake, originally developed for humanitarian and aid organisations.
The Verification Handbook
A canonical verification resource. Step-by-step guides on journalist-quality verification of information, images, and video in emergency situations.
Defusing Hate: A Strategic Guide to Counteract Dangerous Speech
A guide on the dynamics of dangerous speech and designing communications that work to prevent violence, accompanied by workbooks.
Witness Media Lab
A project dedicated to the use of video and technology to protect human rights. Particularly relevant are their curation of verification tools, lessons, and resources – as well as advice on various human right topics.
Evidence for Democracy Training Resources
A series of webinars and toolkits that help researchers engage with the policy-making process and advocate for evidence-based decision making in government.
Data Analytics for Social Media Monitoring
A guide to help researchers and activists monitor social media networks and detect manipulation, including tools and methodologies for data collection and analysis.
The Digital Public – How Algorithmic Processes Influence Social Discourse
Big picture working paper on algorithmic processes and their impact on public opinion formation.
Open Letter on Fake News and Elections
Civil society critique of “fake news” discourse in the context of Latin America and the Caribbean, with proposed responses.
Cutting the Funding of Disinformation: The Ad-Tech Solution
Clear explanation of how the ad-tech industry sustains the spread of disinformation.
Contending with ‘Fake News’: Reports from the Field
An exploration of five efforts led by civil society organisations and journalists to counter disinformation in EU countries.
Proposed framework for assessing news credibility, developed by a coalition of researchers.
A Report on Anti-Disinformation Initiatives
A summary of the junk news landscape in 19 countries and government efforts to combat disinformation
Polarisation and the Use of Technology in Political Campaigns and Communication
Detailed discussion of the relationship between the contemporary online space and political polarisation.
Information Manipulation: A Challenge for Our Democracies
Detailed overview of various “information manipulation” phenomena around the world along with responses from government, civil society, and platforms.
Poisoning Democracy: How Canada Can Address Harmful Speech Online
Clear discussion on the limitations of existing policy frameworks for tackling harmful speech and recommendations for improved responses, including capacity-building in civil society.
Information Disorder: Toward an Interdisciplinary Framework
Comprehensive overview of issues relating to disinformation and misinformation online; includes recommendations for media and civil society.
Countering Disinformation: Some Lessons Learnt by Ukraine Crisis Media Center
First-hand account and reflections from a civil society group dealing with targeted disinformation, including policy recommendations.
Germany’s NetzDG: A Key Test for Combatting Online Hate
A look into one country’s legislation for combatting online hate speech and the effects over the course of its implementation.
The Trust Project
A civil society effort to develop consistent standards for evaluating the ethics, fairness, and accuracy of news outlets. Good example of collaboration with platforms, as major search engines are set to use this framework in their efforts to surface trustworthy news.
Fake News: What it is and How to Deal With it
Academic paper about the dissemination of hyper-partisan political news in Brazil.
Action strategies for countering disinformation by Dutch Government
Dutch government policy commitment and suggested strategies for protecting democracy against disinformation.
The spread of disinformation through internet services and the regulation of political advertisements
Preliminary report on regulation of disinformation and political advertisements, analysed through a legal angle (Dutch and European context).
Dutch government website on disinformation and junk news
Website linking to multiple resources on disinformation and junk news, including checklists, information on action undertaken by the Dutch government, and others.
Safe and smart use of digital media
Website with resources for different target groups on fake news, cyber security, digital literacy, filter bubbles, online polarisation, and much more. Videos, articles and checklists are also available.
Analysing methods to counter disinformation/junk news
Academic paper on different methods for countering disinformation/junk news and their effectiveness
Tips to debunk junk news
Tips on how to unmask and debunk junk news.
Fighting Fake News
A short BBC Academy article examining strategies for combatting fake news.
Guide for Civil Society on Monitoring Social Media During Elections
A guide aimed at helping civil society better understand the issue of disinformation and its effects on democracy. Available here is a framework to establish monitoring activities, how to produce evidence to counter disinformation, and strategies to help shape better regulation.